Katihar is located at. It has an average elevation of 20 metres. The main rivers of the District are mighty Ganga (southern boundary, 25 kilometers from Katihar Town), magnificent Kosi (western boundary, 30 kilometers from Katihar Town) and beautiful Mahananda besides many other small rivers like Kari Kosi (flowing by the side of Katihar town), Kamla etc. The Kosi (Sorrow of Bihar) merges with Ganga at the south-west boundary of Katihar District. This District shares boundary with two states i.e. Jharkhand at the southern side and West Bengal at the eastern side. The Bangla Desh lies around 80 km east of Katihar town and Nepal lies around 100 km north of Katihar Town. There is rail connectivity to both the borders from Katihar railway station. The hills of Jharkhand near the southern bank of Ganga is even visible from Katihar Town on a clear day. Its proximity to the Himalayas in the north, Jharkhand plateu in the south and a multiple of rivers combined with good rainfall gives it a distinct climate which can be termed more or less pleasant during most of the year. The rainy season flood is an annual feature. And on 2nd October 1973,Katihar acquired status of an independent district.
Area: 3,057 sq km
Population: Total: 1825380 Rural: 1653761 Urban: 171619
Sub Divisions: Barsoi, Katihar Sadar, Manihari
Blocks: Katihar, Barsoi, Kadwa, Amdabad, Manihari, Balrampur, Korha, Falka, Azamnagar, Barari, Pranpur, Mansahi, Samaeli, Kursaila, Hasanganj, Dandkhora
Agriculture: Paddy, Makhana, Banana
Industry: Jute and Paper Mills
Rivers: Mahananda, Ganges, Koshi, Righa