Rural Technology.In spite of lack of infrastructure like transport and communication, regular electric supply and other facilities with the help of District Industry center, Darbhanga some advancement has been made in this area. Apart from Madhubani Paintings and Sikki-Mauni craft some other crafts such as bamboo basket and other related craft with bamboo, Lah bangles wood craft etc. are gaining momentum in the rural house holds of this districts. Among these bangle industry is the most popular one. If better infrastructure and marketing facilities will be provided to the rural artisans there is vast scope in this area.Bamboo Work.Darbhanga is greatly noted for its bamboo work. Bamboo sends itself to multifarious work. In fact the rural people in remote bamboo graving are as still keep their precious possessions in bamboo basket with side. A lot of house used things are made through bamboo like elegant furniture, complete table ware etc.Clay Toys.Darbhanga has special clay toys. There is a special highly decorated elephant with clay ornaments on the head and over the ears and a big boul on its back. This is kept on the roof of the house when a marriage is taking place.National Research Centre for Makhana, Darbhang
RC for Makhana is to be located on a sprawling campus of 25 acres at Basudeopur, Darbhanga(Bihar). Government of Bihar has initiated the process of transfer of the proposed site to ICAR for establishment of the NRC for Makhana, where an ultra modern R&D infrastructure complex will be constructed. Besides, two agricultural farms each measuring 25 acres, one at Jale (Madhubani) and other at Bharathi (Darbhanga), is to be made available by Government of Bihar for starting a Krishi Vigyan Kendra and on-farm Research Centre.Presently the Centre is functioning from its camp office located at Central Potato Research Station, Near Civil Aerodrome, Patna.Head quarter of the Centre will soon be commissioned at the European Guest House Building in the Campus of L.N.Mithila University, Darbhanga.Genesis.The National Research Centre for Makhana, Darbhanga (Bihar) under Indian Council of Agriculture Research was sanctioned by the Department of Agriculture Research & Education, Government of India, as a new scheme during the IX Five Year Plan period for conservation, research & development of the Makhana crop.The NRC for Makhana came into existence on National Science Day 28th February 2002 with setting up of a camp office at the Central Potato Research station, Patna, from where it is presently striving to address multi-disciplinary and inter-disciplinary researchable issues of Makhana.The unique, nutritive, organic food crop of wetlands, extensively grown in India is unexploited and under-utilized, having immense potential of growth, development and export. NRC for Makhana is working to develop technologies relevant to prevailing biophysical and socio-economical environment of the Makhana growing regions of our country.It envisages to be a National Centre of Excellence with state of the art research facilities for meeting the agriculture challenges in post WTO scenario as emphasized in ICAR Vision 2020.Mission.To explore & develop economic opportunities in aquatic agriculture, natural & community resources through innovative research & development programmed on Makhana that benefit the people involved in Makhana cultivation, post harvest, processing, marketing, export & consumption.MandateTo conduct basic, strategic, applied and adaptive research for increasing productivity, ensuring sustainability, enhancing profitability of Makhana crop.To develop and standardize the post harvest, processing and value adding technologies.To facilitate and promote co-ordination and dissemination of appropriate agricultural technologies through network/consortia approach involving all stake holders in Makhana.To serve as a repository of the agro-eco-bio-aqua diversity and scientific information/ITK on Makhana.To provide consultancy & advisory support for promoting Makhana based industries.To collaborate with various National and International agencies in liaisons with State and Central Government for achieving the mission of NRC.Objective.The objectives of the centre is to generate appropriate agriculture technologies which can help in raising the economic status of poor Makhana growers (downtrodden fisherman community) through higher yield, more and better employment, value adding to the commodity, improving socio-economic condition, efficient marketing and imports.Centre will conduct mission made basic and applied research for overall development of the wetland areas adopting total system approach through enhancing productivity of water. Special emphasis will be laid on minimizing drudgery of downtrodden especially women folks engaged in makhana popping.About Makhana.Gorgon nut or Fox nut, an aquatic crop, commonly known as Makhana (Euryale ferox Salibs) of the Family Nymphaeaceae is an highly nutritious, fully organic non-cereal food, which is extensively grown in the stagnant water of wetlands, tanks, ponds lakes and ditches.
It is widely distributed in tropical and north tropical region. This aquatic/marsh plant with large floating leaves and beautiful solitary flowers is cultivated in the state of Bihar, West Bengal and Assam in abundance and to some extent in Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jammu & Kashmir, Tripura and Manipur.
Bihar state accounts for over 80% of the Makhana production of the country. Madhubani, Darbhanga, Sitamarhi, Saharsha,Katihar,Purnia, Samastipur,Supaul, Kishanganj and Araria Districts are major producer of Makhana.
The popped seeds of Makhana, roasted and eaten as well as used in preparation of various kind of delicious sweets and recipes. It contains 9.7% easily digestible protein, 76% carbohydrate, 12.8% moisture, 0.1% fat, 0.5% total minerals,0.9% phosphorus & 1.4%mg fe/100gm. It also contains useful medicinal properties.